THOMAS LANHAM was born in Prince George County, in the Colony of Maryland in 1757, a son of Stephen and Leah (maiden name unknown) Lanham,
and married PATIENCE SAPPINGTON, b 1760, a daughter of John and Margaret Sappington. * Thomas was living with his parents on a plantation called "Mizpah", part in Prince George County and part in Montgomery
County, located just northeast of present day Washington D.C., at the beginning of the Revolutionary War (1775-1783).
Thomas enlisted at a public muster with 6 or 8 other young men, as a private in the
spring of 1776. His enlistment site was about six miles from Bladensburg on the main road from Bladensburg to Baltimore; this probably was Evansville, which is today's Beltsville, Maryland, on Route 1 between Washington
D.C. and Baltimore. He serve under Captain Rezin Beal, who later became a general, and is buried at St. Johns Church in Beltsville, and Colonel Smallwood, also later a General, who is buried at Smallwood Retreat,
a Historic Landmark in Charles County Maryland.
Shortly after enlisting, the Company including Thomas marched into PORT TOBACCO, on the Potomac River, where he was stationed for about 18 months. After
about a year he was attacked with smallpox, which broke out among the troops. It was said that Lord Dunmore had sent a man infected with the disease among the troops to spread it. His company was marched
from Port Tobacco, leaving only the sick that were unable to go. After leaving the hospital he was nursed and remained in the home of the Lucket's until his parents came and carried him back home. On account
of this poor health he was never called back into service.
After the war Thomas moved to near Wheeling in what is now West Virginia, at
that time "The Disputed Territory" claimed by both Virginia and Pennsylvania. Thomas Lanham did not mention in his pension claim that he also served in the Western Frontier Militia, but he also served in
the Western Frontier Militia, but he served in the 7th Class in Capt. Edmund Baxter's Co., Associators and Militia with, Hartley, John Jr. and James Sappington, brothers of his future wife, Patience Sappington, and
daughter of John Sappington Sr. and wife Margaret, and other kinsmen, Baxters, Fowlers and others. The elder John Sappington went to Madison Co., Kentucky as early as 1780-81 when he is listed among those at
George Boone's Station, near Foxtown, now Whitehall, approximately 6 miles west of Fort Bonne borough, which was established by Daniel Boone in 1775.
John Sappington and wife, Margaret, five sons and daughter Patience ( b.abt 1764) Thomas Lanham, Stephen Lanham, a brother of Thomas, Charles Selby who married Leah Lanham in
Prince Georges Co., Maryland, the Baxters, Fowlers and other related families immigrated to Madison County, Kentucky probably about 1785.
Thomas purchased 27 July 1796, 290 acres from Jacob Starnes and wife Elizabeth,
land that lay in Madison County on the south side of the Kentucky River about 6 miles from Fort Boonesborough "on the Dividig Ridge between Hinds and Jacks Creek. (Deed Book D. Madison Co., Ky. pg. 60). James
Sappington, a brother of Patience purchased and lived on land on Otter creek in Madison Co.
EXTRACTS FROM REVOLUTIONARY WAR PENSION APPLICATION:
LANHAM, THOMAS (S30,534, Md Ser Ky Agcy)
Born 1757, Prince Georges County Maryland. On June 8, 1836 applied for pension, County of Madison, Kentucky, age 79, enlisted 1776, living on line between
Prince Georges County and Montgomery County Maryland. (His brother Stephen Lanham, born Prince Georges Co., MD 1760). Cert. 30,902 issued December 10, 1836, Act June 7, 1832 at $36.66 per an. from March 4,
- Census 1776, prince George Co. Md, Maryland Records by Brumbaugh Vol. 1, page 75
When Thomas and his brother Stephen made depositions in Madison Co.,KY, in June 1836, in Thomas Lanham's application for pension due to his service
in the War for American Independence they inclosed the following facts: ( Rev. War Pension Files S 30 534) Thomas Lanham and Revolutionary War Pension, also documented in the DAR "Patriots"`.
June 8, 1836, Thomas Lanham said that he was about twenty-nine of age, born 1757 on this father's farm which lay on the county line, partley in Prince George Co. and partly in Montgomery Co. MD. Stephen
Lanham, Brother of Thomas, made deposition 4 June 1836 at his own home in Madison Co. KY, that he was born 1760 at his parents home, same location as Thomas.
Honorable James Simpson, presiding Judge of the Circuit Court for Madsion Co.certifed " with great propriety that said applicant is a man of very excellent character."
The 1810 Madison County, Kentucky census listed the Thomas Lanham household as follows:
2 males under 10 years 2 females under 10 years
1 male 10-16 years 3 females 10-16 years
2 males 16-26 years 0 females 16-26 years
0 males 26-45 years 1 female 26-45 years
1 male over 45 years 1 female over 45 years
Thomas Lanham and John Sappington are both listed on the Historical Markerm located at Fort Boonesborough, listing the early settlers and pioneers of
Fort Boonesborough, who lived in the Fort or adjacent to it. See Photo's pages58-60.
In an interview with Dr. John Sappington, " a
doctor of horses", according to the interviewer, made a surprising, almost an unbelievable statement about Thomas Lanham, husband of his Aunt Patience Lanham. In recounting the story of the capture of his
uncle John Sappington by Indians when with Thomas Lanham, George Brown, Jos.Durbin and four others she was out digging ginseng which Dr. Knight of Madison Co. Ky was buying a good price to ship to China, he
declared that even though Thomas Lanham was one of that party, and though he was forted up and in battles, and so much of his life trying to avoid the Indians; yet he never saw one!". Thomas Lanham was, at
the time of this interview, John Sappington's father-in-law as well as, his uncle by marriage, John Sappington having taken as his second wife in 1840 his cousin Sarah Lanham. This interview was at their home in
Montgomery Co. KY in 1845. ( Draper MMS 12 CC 190, State Historical Society, Madison Wisconsin) and L.P.Goodknight, Lanham Pioneers and Patriots, 1962).
"Since Family tradition states that Patience Sappington and her widowed mother lived with her brother James Sappington who lived on Otter Creek, Madison Co. Ky, after the
death of their father, John Sappington, Sr., it is assumed that Patience married Thomas Lanham [perhaps abt.1778] in Madison Co. Ky. Though they would have been older after the removal of the Sappington family and
Thomas Lanham from Ohio County in Western VA ( Wheeling area) to Kentucky than usual in those days. No marriage record of Patience Sappington and Thomas Lanham has been find as of this writting 2006)."
When Thomas made claim for his Revolutionary pension, Thomas stated he had resided in Madison " near fifty years". That would mean he
went to KY about 1786, making him about twenty- six years old. In those days it would seem that the folks would be marrying much younger.
Patience being born about 1764, then would have been
twenty-two years old. Question: Could Patience have some 17 children in the balance of her life? In other words could she have had kids up to 1817 --- age 53?
In 1796, Thomas bought 290 acres of land on Jacks Creek in Madison Co. and in 1809 he bought another 50 acres on Jacks Creek. ( Madison Deed Book D, p60.)
In 1815 Thomas bought 39 acres on Jacks Creek. ( Deed Book K, p.531)
In 1836 Thomas Lanham and Patience conveyed to Jno.Arvine 25 and one -quarter acres on
Hinds Creek. ( Madison Co. Deed Book W. p.300)
Per L.P.Goodknight's book on Lanhams and Patriots, there was much litigation of
ownership of land alone the Hinds Creek. Even as late as 1806- 1817, Green Clay complaints and Thomas Lanham defendant were in litigation over bounds o land lying south side of Kentucky river about six miles from
Boonesborough, known as Hinds Bent, which Lanham bought in 1796. Litigation was concluded in June 1812, when cost were equally divided between the two men. ( Madison Co. Circuit Order book B, p.447 to 465;
Circuit documents bundles 78, box 39; bundles 99, box 48; bundle 128, box 64.
Thomas and Patience (Sappington) Lanham had 17 children, 11 sons
and 6 daughters. Since most of the birth dates and deaths are unknown at this time the names may not be listed in sequence of age. To find and confirm the births of these kids has been a challenge for
my Father and myself now for some 20 years.
I. LEAH LANHAM, was b. abt. 1785 d. ___. She married James Kennedy, 1 August
1804. Consent by Thomas, Father of Bride, Bondsman, Stephen, Madison Co. Marrage records, page 46. 1830 Census St. Louis, MO p328,[same page as brother Benjamin]. They had a daughter Mary/Polly who
married Thomas S. Ward. They had a son, John Wesley Ward who married Anna Baxter, dau. of Andrew Jackson Baxter.
[ desendent of Anna Baxter:Suzanne Thompson Hoffmann, AZ. ]
II. MARY (POLLY) LANHAM was b.1793/4, KY d._____. She married JOHN WILKERSON, 7 December 1809. There was a Mr. and Mrs. John Wilkerson listed as part
of the early settlers of Fort Boonesborough. They had at least one son, John C. Wikerson. A Mary Wilkerson is found in the 1850 Madison County records, age 56, born, VA. This would be a birth of
1794, close to the date of posted birth. Her son is John C. Wilkerson, age 23 ( born 1827), Madison Co. and also children Francis, 20; and Susan, 15.
III. JAMES LANHAM, was b.1787, KY d.___. He married POLLY PARRISH, 22 July 1810. Noted in Green, Platte Co. MO in 1850., p 378 hh208. They had at least
two children: Colby, b. 1815 and America b. 1827. It is also believed that Thompson B Lanham is in the son of James Lanham and Polly Lanham. Thompson B. Lanham is found on page hh.193, Green, Platt County, MO
1850. Thompson age 39, born 1811, KY married to Emeline, 35, born 1815, KY
IV. MARGARET LANHAM, was b.1796, KY
d._____. Married Lephmiah Fowler, 29 December 1814 in Madison Co. Their Children were Thomas Fowler b. 1817, Wesley b.1824, Susey b. 1826, Sarah b. 1828 and a Mary b. 1829.
V. SYLVESTER LANHAM, was born 1790, and married JANE (JEANNE) ESTES OF RICHMOND, (see Sylvester Lanham Family for details.) Died 1863.
"This is our line, Clifford Lanham.
VI. JEMIMA LANHAM, was b. abt 1800 d._____. She married JOHN S.
MALOTT, 7 January 1818, St. Louis, MO. May have lived a few doors from sister Leah (Lanham) Kennedy.
The Malott family has been found in Missouri including Nodaway, Green, Platte Co. and Clay Co.
MO. Ancestry.com has a John S. Malott dying in Platte Co., MO in 1842.
VII. BENJAMIN LANHAM, was b. abt.
1800? d. _____. Madison Co. Order book W, p408, dated 4 June1839. He was also listed on the Tax rolls 1831-1836, Madison Co. Married Susannah Bailey 24 Aug. 1833. It appears that Benjamin (
Lanom) may have been living with a James and Martha Samuels in Madison Co in 1850. Is this the same Benjamin?? This same person was again identified in Fayette Co. in 1860 living with a Samuel Pike
family. It is not sure that he lived with this wife for it has been stated he was "idiotic", yet he did not reside in the Eastern State Hospital for the insane in Lexington. Madison Co. Ky, Order Book W,
P. 408 -- 4 June 1839 "
The jury..... do find the said Benjamin Lanham..... has no land, or tenements, or slaves. He has about two hundred and thirty dollars in cash; notes in the hands of his brother
Archibald Lanham. His nearest relation is his Father Thomas Lanham aged eighty- two years ( 82). The age of the said Lanham ( Benjamin) we find to be thirty - four ( 34 ) years. Archibald Lanham was
appointed guardian of this brother, Benjamin's estate and person, and on 5 June 1839, rendered his account to the court having recieved for Benjamin $ 311.00 ( Ref: Order Book W, P. 421) ( LPGoodknight Book, Lanham
Pioneers and Patriots, 1962)
VIII. SARAH LANHAM, was born 17 August 1798 and died 2 January 1884 in Montomery Co.( Mt.
Sterling), Ky. Sarah married a few days after her fathers death, to a cousin, Dr. John Sappington a Veteriinarian, 12 April 1840. This was Sappington's second marriage. Sarah was awarded pension for John's
Service in the War of 1812 #22 - 203. Sarah was at least 48 years of age when she married which at that time was unusal. They had one child, Thomas Sappington who died very young. and is buried with
other members of the family at the Sappington - Parrish Family Cemetry near Mount Stering, Montgomery Co. KY. In 1860, John Sappington, owned one female, age 26. He also owned three boys, ages 48 and
2. Presumably this is the Hariett with three children. Those are the only slaves he owned in 1860. Since he died in that year, it would be interesting to know what happened to Hariett and her children.
IX. ELIZABETH LANHAM, was b. abt 1802/3 d. 1880. She married WEEDEN HAWKINS, 18 Aug. 1821( 30 Ocy 1821?) ( Thomas father of Bride)
in Madison Co. Ky. In 1850, Elizabth and Weeden are found in Honey Creek, Adams Co. Illinios. The birth of their children indicate that they went to Missouri by 1827 and then to Illinios by 1837. Their
son Elijah apparently returned to Boone Co., MO. Weeden was born abt 1797 and died in 1855. Elizabeth died in Boone Co. MO in 1880. Many of Elizabeth's children appear in the cesus into the
1870s. Maybe the children never married or married later in life.
Children were: Elijah b. 1832, James b. 1835, Elizabeth b. 1837, Louisa b. 1839, Robert b. 1844 and Sidney b. 1848. ( Reseached by
Linda Ashley and Bev Golden. )
X. ARCHIBALD LANHAM, was born 1807, d. abt 1860 /70. He married ANNA LLOYD, 25 May 1825 in
KY. He was listed on the Tax rolls 1831-1836, Madison Co. Archibald and Anna sold their land on Jack's Creek in 1847 to William Fox. ( of the Foxtown Foxes). Archibald died probably in Owen Co.
or Shelby Co. KY and Anna died in Decatur Co. Indiana after 1870.
Children were: Amanda b. 1826, Lourinda b. 1828; Married Baxter, Anderson, 12 Aug.1845, father of bride consent; Conny b. 1829, Caroline b. 1833, Tyra b. 1835, Holliway b. 1837, May b. 1840, Mary Ann
b. 1843, Roxann b. 1848 and Nancy Ellen b. 1850.
Anna was daughter of Andrew Jackson Baxter and Amanda Lanham – Amanda's
parents being Anna Loyd and Archibald Lanham. Suzanne Thompson Hoffmann of Arizona is a direct desendent of Amanda.
XI. THOMAS LANHAM, was b.abt 1790.____ in KY d.____. In the 1830 census, Thomas Sr
andThomas Jr. both appear
in that way. He is shown as 30-40, which also fits the guess of being born
about 1790. There is a Thomas and Polly that sold land to John Summers in 1830. The land was on
Creek, which was where Stephen,brother of Thomas sr. lived. Polly shows again in the 1865
census. She freed a slave named James in that year. Polly dies in 1868 leaving a will.
XII. RICHARD LANHAM, was b. abt 1784, d.1852 in Missouri. He married Sarah
Sappington born 4 Dec. 1798 in KY. [d/o Richard,
son of John and Margaret Sappington], m. 29 Sep
1814 in St. Louis, MO. Richard most likely went to Missouri soon after Hartley and Stephen arrived in
the territory. A Richard Lanham is
listed in the 1830-40 and 1850 census of Boone County, Missouri.
This is the area where Daniel Boone lived after leaving Madison Co., Ky. With them in 1850 is a
daughter, age 25 or 35? There
appears to have been at least five children: Nancy, Mary, Elvira, Thomas
and Edwin. There could have been two more: John W. and Eli.
XIII. HARTLEY LANHAM, was b. abt. 1782/3 d.1841 in Bonhomme TPK or St. Ferdinand, St. Louis,
MO. Said to be burried on Hiram Cordell's farm [
S. Cordell Records: A Virginia Family]. Hartley went
to Missouri very early. He was probably already in St. Louis when Louis and Clark started on their
expedition in 1804. It appears he went to Missouri with the Sappingtons [ John] relatives.
In 1804, Governor James Wilkinson was governor of Missouri and was very unpopular. Wilkinson was
in a number of scams and intrigues and was tried alone with Aaron Burr, charged with trying to
take Missouri and the rest of Louisiana territory away from the United States, probably so he and burr
rule. Not sure as to wheather Wilkinson was related to Wilkinson and Polly Lanham of Madison,
KY in 1809.
In 1804, a number of citizens of Missouri wrote a petition to President Jefferson, stating that
perfectly satisfied with Wilkinson, the Governor. Among those who signed were Hartley, Thomas, and
Richard Lanham and Zephaniah Sappington. To sign a petition one would think
the signer would have
to be at least age 18.
Hartley married a Harriet Cordell, born 1783, the daughter of John Cordell, ( b.1749
Fauquier Co. VA,
died 1799, St. Louis) and his wife Judth Blackwell, b. 1753, VA, d.1842, Missouri and then a second
wife, Mary about____. The children of Hartley and Harriett and Mary were:
Hiram, Wilson, Hartley
jr. , Ellen, Sally, Fanny and Missouri. Hartley died in 1841.Mary Lanham remarried to a John J. Williams
EX Book 434,197-200.
Stephen Lanham, brother of Hartley also married a Cordell, sister of Harriet.
See the separate chapter on Hartley Lanham toward the end of this book .
XIV. STEPHEN LANHAM, was b.abt. 1780/3 in KY d. 1841, per probate, St Louis,
MO . Like Hartley, he too married a Cordell. He married Mary Cordell sister of Harriet Cordell wife of Hartley Lanham.. The St. Louis records stated that Stephen was born abt
1783. This would mean that he was one of the early children of Patience Lanham and perhaps named after Stephen Madison Co., KY, brother of Thomas Sr. Lanham. Like Hartley, brother of Stephen, went to St.
Louis very early maybe even with Hartley and the Sappington's.
Stephen and Mary Cordell Lanham had at least four children all girls:
1. Virginia, b.
4 Dec. 1816, d. 21 Nov 1881, married to Joseph Conway 10 Sep 1835 in Bonhomme, St. Louis Co. MO. This family had thirteen children.
2. Permelia, married O. M. Woods
3. Nancy m. W.S. Brown
4. Pauline m. A .Long
In the History of Missouri, Stephen Lanham fought in the War 0f 1812 from Missouri. He is listed in the 1st Regt. of
St. Louis alone with two of the Sappington boys.
XV. JACKSON LANHAM, was b. ____ in KY ? d.____. No birth or data has been found on a Jackson Lanham. The Jackson and Polly Lowe Lanham of
Casey Co Ky appears to be of the Greenberry Lanham line.
Was there a Jackson son of Thomas and Patience Lanham? Work on
this item is still in progress.
XVI. GREEN LANHAM, was b.___ d._____. There was a Green Lanham in 1820 census in Madison Co. KY. Marriage records indicate a Green marrying a
Mary G. Dixon, 24 April 1823.
XVII. JESS LANHAM, was b.abt. 1808 in KY d. 1840. He was listed on the Tax rolls 1831 and
Madison Co. He was listed on the Tax rolls 1831 and 1836, Madison Co. Also listed as Bondman in Madison Co. Marriage Records, 1823- 1851. There are no indications that he
ever married. Note he died the same year as his father, Thomas, 1840.
Since Patience Lanham is not mentioned in Thomas's will it can be assumed that Patience died sometime about 1836.
Green Clay, the biggest landowner in early Madison County, sued Thomas Lanham. The gist of it was that the Lanham land overlapped Clay's land. Apparently this
went on for months, if not years, and in the end they compromised. I understand there are drawings of their claims and that the land is what is now Boone's Trace subdivision, where the lots sell for $40-50,000 each and
the houses up to half a million. I believe there is a copy of this lawsuit at Eastern Kentucky University library.
After 40 years, Thomas Lanham cleared his right and title to the land in Madison Co. which he paid
for in 1796 and later.
If any readers have addtional data or correction have them, pleasecontact Cliff Lanham direct via email.
Submitted by Clifford W. Lanham, Revised Jan. 2006
The preceding is an extract from, OUR LANHAM History and Related Families, author, Oran Stroud Lanham, copy right 1984 and revised by Clifford
Lanham, 2006, copyright revised pending.